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HOME: Russian Grammar

Russian Grammar

 

Due to complex Russian grammar, Russian is considered one of the more difficult European languages to learn. Russian sentence structure uses no less than 6 cases (падежи).

 

A common mistake in learning Russian is jumping straight into a bunch of vocabulary without taking the time to understand the basic principals of Russian Grammar and sentence structure. This works at the start, but leads to greater confusion as you progress.

 

To help you out, we give a very brief explanation of each case below. This may be particularly helpful to native English speakers who have never formerly studied grammar in the context of the genitive case, instrumental case, etc.

 

 

Rosetta Stone

Award winning Russian grammar software now with Audio Companion so you can reinforce lessons while listening in your car or on your MP3 Player on the go.

 

 

 

Free Russian Grammar Resources

 

 


RussianLessons.net       AlphaDictionary       AuburnUniversity     


DenverUniversity       RussianLanguageMentor     


Each site contains Russian grammar exercises that require you to type in Russian characters. Learn how to activate Cyrillic Font and install a Phonetic Russian Keyboard on your Windows Operating System.


 

Russian Grammar

Explanations

Exercises

Russian Nouns

Nominative Case

Genitive Case

Dative Case

Accusative Case

Instrumental Case

Prepositional Case

Nouns Irregularities

 

Russian Pronouns

Nominative Case

 

 

Genitive Case

Dative Case

 

Accusative Case

 

Instrumental Case

 

 

Prepositional Case

Personal Pronouns

 

Possessive Pro.

Demonstrative Pro.

 

Pronoun: который

 

Indefinite Pronoun

 

Negative Pronouns

 

Reflexive Pronoun

 


RussianLessons.net       AlphaDictionary       AuburnUniversity     


DenverUniversity       RussianLanguageMentor     


Russian Grammar

Explanations

Exercises

Russian Adjectives

Nominative Case

 

Genitive Case

Dative Case

 

Accusative Case

Instrumental Case

 

Prepositional Case

Short Forms

 

Comparatives

 

Russian Verbs

Present Tense

Past Tense

 

Verbs of Motion

Verbs of Position

 

Aspects

 

Reflexive Verbs

 

Imperatives

Participles


RussianLessons.net       AlphaDictionary       AuburnUniversity     


DenverUniversity       RussianLanguageMentor     


Russian Grammar

Explanations

Exercises

Russian Adverbs

Conjunctions

 

 

Coordinating Conj.

 

Subordinating Conj.

 

Other Conjunctions

 

Conj. Modifiers

 

Time Expressions

Question Words

Spelling Rules

 

 

 

 

Russian Cases - Падежи

 

 

  1. Nominative - Именительный
  2.  

      What is Nominative Case?

    • It's the subject in a sentence.
    • ie. The girl is smart. - Девушка умная.
    • learn more: Nouns in the nominative case.

     

      Nominative Case Prepositions & Verbs

    • Nominative case is used in conjunction with a few prepositions, but in general, the subject of a sentence isn't influenced by prepositions or verbs.
    • learn more: Prepositions of nominative case.

     

     

     

  3. Genitive - Родительный
  4.  

      What is Genitive Case?

    • Think of Genitive case as the "of " case (possession).
    • ie. The book of the girl. - Книга девушки.
    • Genitive case in Russian gets somewhat complicated. It's also used with numbers, negated verbs, and with a whole bunch of different prepositions and verbs.
    • learn more: Nouns in the genitive case.

     

      Genitive Case: Prepositions & Verbs

    • There are so many (longest list of the 6 cases), that we will not list them all. Some of the major ones include:

      from (since) - с
      without - без
      against - против
      far from - далеко от
      near (by) - возле
      near - около
      by - у
      along - вдоль
      around - вокруг
      among - среди
      through - сквозь
      apart from - помимо
      except - кроме
      until - до
      after - после
      inside - внутри

      for the purpose of - для
      from (a person or place) - от
      as - в качестве
      in the direction of - в сторону
      instead of - вместо
      past (too far) - мимо
      for the sake of - ради
      as a result of - в результате
      because of - из-за
      concerning - по поводу
      concerning - насчёт
      as for - что касается
      during - во время
      during - в продолжение
      during - в течение
      etc., etc.

    • learn more: Prepositions of genitive case.

     

     

     

  5. Dative - Дательный
  6.  

      What is Dative Case?

    • Dative case is the "to" case.
    • ie. We're going to the girl. - Мы идём к девушке.
    • learn more: Nouns in the dative case.

     

      Dative Case: Prepositions & Verbs

    • Prepositions & verbs associated with dative case:

      to - к
      according to - по
      on the subject of - по
      thanks to - благодаря
      to envy - завидовать
      to phone to - звонить

      to pass to - передавать
      on (a certain time) - по
      along (the surface of) - по
      go visiting - идти в гости к
      to remind - напоминать
      to give help to - помочь

    • learn more: Prepositions of dative case.
    • Dative case is also used with "Auxiliary verbs".
      Examples include:

      I need ("to me is needed") - Мне нужно.

      You can ("to you its possible") - Вам можно.

      We're bored ("to us its boring") - Нам скучно.

      Denis is hurt ("to Denis its hurting") - Денису больно.

      I like ("to me it pleases") - Мне нравится.

     

     

     

  7. Accusative - Винительный
  8.  

      What is Accusative Case?

    • It's the object of the sentence.
    • ie. I love Natasha. - Я люблю Наташу.
    • learn more: Nouns in the accusative case.
    •  

      Accusative Case: Prepositions & Verbs

    • Accusative case is used in conjunction with:

      for (in place of) - за
      behind (motion) - за 
      under (motion) - под
      about - про
      for (time) - на
      about - на
      on to - на

      to (a place - motion) - в
      up to & including - по
      through (across) - через
      before - прежде чем
      on (a day of the week) - в
      during (in the space of) - за
      in spite of - несмотря на

    • learn more: Prepositions of accusative case.

     

     

     

  9. Instrumental - Творительный
  10.  

      What is Instrumental Case?

    • Instrumental case is the "with" case.
    • ie. Go to the cafe with Olga. - Иди в кафе с Ольгой.
    • learn more: Nouns in the instrumental case.
    •  

      Instrumental Case: Prepositions & Verbs

    • Some prepositions & verbs associated with instrumental:

      behind / beyond (place) - за
      under (place) - под
      over (place) - над
      beside - рядом
      with - с
      together with - вместе с
      between - между
      for (to fetch) - за
      in front of / before - перед
      to be - быть
      to be (serve as) - являться
      to seem - казаться
      to be proud of - гордиться
      to become - становиться
      to possess - обладать
      to turn out (end up) - оказаться
      to make use of - пользоваться
      to be engaged in - заниматься
      to be interested in - интересоваться

    • learn more: Prepositions of instrumental case.

     

     

     

  11. Prepositional - Предложный
  12.  

      What is Prepositional Case?

    • Prepositional case is the "place" case.
    • ie. She is in London. - Она в Лондоне.
    • learn more: Nouns in the prepositional case.

     

      Prepositions & Verbs

    • Prepositions associated with prepositional case:

      in - в
      on - на 
      at the time of - при

      attached to - при
      under (a ruler) - при

    • learn more: Prepositions of prepositional case.